Efforts to establish a public social security system in Cambodia are recent in origin. In September 2002, Cambodia adopted its first National Social Security Law. The law and subsequent sub-decrees and Prakas stipulate the guiding principles of a mandatory social security system for private sector employees consisting of three pillars:
• Employment Injury Insurance (EII)
• Health Insurance Scheme
• Pension Scheme
With technical assistance from the ILO, Cambodia started to implement the National Social Security Law, beginning with the creation of a National Social Security Fund (NSSF) in 2007 and the introduction of mandatory employment injury insurance (EII) for private sector workers in 2008. The implementation of the health insurance and pension schemes is planned to follow.